Towing is coupling another vehicle (usually immobile) together so that it can be pulled by a designated, working vehicle. These may be joined by a chain, rope, bar, hitch, coupling, integrated platform, or other means of keeping the objects together while in motion.
Towing is not that hard if you are an experienced driver, you already have the knowledge to pull a trailer or RV. It will be easier to adjust to driving conditions if you pay close attention to the dimensions of the trailer; length, height, and weight.
Before Leaving (Towing Safety)
Familiarize yourself with the routes you will take while Towing as well as the restrictions on bridges and tunnels. Measure the dimensions of your vehicle and trailer (in feet and meters) taking into account the highest, longest and widest ends as landmarks. Weigh the trailer or the RV as well as the towing vehicle. Keep these measurements handy when driving and do not hesitate to consult them as needed.
Before you hit the road, sit on the driver's seat and reset every single mirror to be sure you have an optimal view of the highway. Do not hesitate to purchase additional mirrors of different sizes to have a good view of all angles of the vehicle as well as the trailer/RV while Towing.
When you put your hands on the lower part of the steering and start to back up, the recreational vehicle or trailer moves in the exact same direction as your hands. When the trailer is moving, avoid sudden movements.
For added safety, a person should be outside the vehicle to guide the driver to avoid obstacles. When the driver is alone Towing, he must make a careful inspection of the places that are not visible when he is in the vehicle.
Driving requires a lot of concentration and it can be very exhausting. When driving, your eyes should be constantly moving. To stay alert, get off your vehicle, walk, and go get a coffee. You can take advantage of your downtime to inspect the vehicle
Night driving is riskier. In addition to reduced visibility, you tend to fall asleep and you are less alert. Try as much as possible to avoid driving at night.
By driving more slowly, you also avoid sudden braking and accelerations that could cause your vehicle to skid or slip. Moderate driving prevents your trailer/RV or Towing vehicle from getting damaged and gives you better control in any situation. Careful driving also prevents sudden flywheel manoeuvres that could cause your trailer / RV to become unbalanced or apply unnecessary force.
Your trailer is heavier and has a higher centre of gravity than your normal vehicle while Towing. It is therefore important to always slow down in bends to avoid lurching. When making a right turn, try to stay in the centre of the lane so that the wheel of the vehicle remains on the road. When making a left turn, keep the right side of the track to prevent the rear part of the trailer, It is better to be too careful than not enough.
Remember that your trailer/RV is heavy and the harder the tractor is, the more time you'll need to slow down. Leave a good distance between you and other vehicles. To avoid accidents, double or triple the recommended braking distance when Towing. In this way, it will be easier to slow down / brake.
Before overtaking a slower vehicle or changing lanes, signal your intention in advance and make sure there are no cars in sight in the other lane to avoid sudden manoeuvres that could cause an accident. Always do your overtaking on a level road while Towing and take care to keep a good distance. Avoid overtaking in the ribs. Remember that when towing a trailer/RV, your vehicle has less acceleration power and you need more time and space to overtake.
When you pass another vehicle while towing a trailer/RV, you must multiply by three or four the usual distance you must keep between you and other vehicles. It would be better to downshift at a lower speed for better acceleration and better speed retention.
On narrow roads or on two-lane roads, faster vehicles behind you may not be able to pass safely. Some roads have passing lanes and turn lanes. You may need to use these specially designed lanes to allow other vehicles to pass. When driving on a narrow road and being followed by other vehicles, always stay on the far right side of the road to allow drivers behind you have a better view. Stay to the right of the lane and when it is safe, tamp down on the side of the road to let the other vehicles overtake you when Towing.
Almost any slope, no matter how gentle, will slow down your vehicle while Towing; gravity towing your trailer/RV down the slope. It is, therefore, necessary to change gears to increase the power during the climb and to prevent the engine from overheating. The longer or steeper the slope is and the heavier the load, the more you need to decrease your speed to climb the slope safely. It is better to climb slowly but with more power than to try to climb the slope quickly.
Depending on the width of your trailer while Towing, you may not be able to park anywhere you want. Comply with the Singapore rules; avoid parking on the slopes, so you will avoid trouble. Ask someone to guide you during your parking. If you want to detach the vehicle from your towing vehicle after parking it, be sure to place blocks at the front and rear of the wheels to prevent your RV from moving (even if the terrain seems flat, it is possible that there is a slight inclination). When the load is uneven, it is possible for the kingpin to rotate suddenly upwards.
When Towing you need to pay close attention to these signs. Road signs indicating dead ends, weight and height restrictions do not seem to be important when driving your vehicle. However, when towing a trailer it is not always easy to back up or turn around. To avoid problems, pay special attention to road signs.
Lastly, given the weight of your trailer or some other heavy-duty vehicle, it is harder to accelerate when it is time to enter a highway. You will need to provide enough space before entering. If you do not anticipate sufficient distance, you may need to change lanes quickly. Keep in mind that sudden movement can result in skidding, loss of control, or imbalance. But Towing is a lot easier when you have a professional handle the job for you.